o) LINCOLN in CARTOON AND CARICATURE Cartoonists are seldom kind to political op- ponents. Here a southern sympathizer por- trays Lincoln as the "Federal Phoenix" gain- ing life from the ashes of the Constitution and other presumably destroyed rights. A JOB FOR THE NEW CABINETMAKER Lincoln's election in 1860 led to a breach between northern and southern states that resulted in secession even before he was inaugurated in 1861. This cartoon shows the President-elect in the position of a man trying to seal the split with "Union Glue." Although the fact probably was unknown to the car- toonist, Lincoln was familiar with the cabinet- maker's art because it had been one of his father's trades. OLD ABE: "Oh, it's all well enough to say that I must support the dignity of my high office by force — but it's darned uncomfortable sitting, I can tell yer." After he was elected in 1860 and before he took office, the still unbearded Lincoln received this undignified treatment. Although the portrayal of Lincoln emphasizes his homely and unsophisticated qualities, it also shows the dilemma of the President-elect as the nation faced the threat of war. In this Currier & Ives poster for the election of 1860, Lincoln "The Railsplitter" is shown defeating the other three presidential candidates, Bell. Douglas, and Breckinridge. The candidates are probably playing "one old cat" or "town ball," one of the predecessors of baseball, and the "National Game" referred to in the caption is politics. It is often said that baseball made great strides toward earning the title of "national game" when it was played extensively by troops during the war which followed Lincoln's election. AS THE NORTH RECEIVED LINCOLN'S LAST WARNING "Now, if you don't come down, I'll cut the Tree from under you." AS THE SOUTH RECEIVED IT This double view of Lincoln's inaugural address in 1861 was drawn by Thomas Nast and is generally considered his first political cartoon. Earlier he had been a news illustrator (like a news photographer today I, but during and after the Civil War he achieved renown as perhaps the finest cartoonist in the L nited States. LINCOLN IN CARTOON AND CARICATURE The art of cartooning and caricature was scarcely new when Abraham Lincoln first claimed national attention. Printed posters featuring exagger- ated drawings had become devices of political satire in the eighteenth century, and cartoons had begun to appear in magazines as early as the 1840s. Lincoln's physical appearance and frontier background made him a cartoonist's delight. He was tall, homely, frequently uncombed, and generally unsophisticated in dress. His youthful employment as a rail- splitter was widely publicized, and he was sometimes characterized as a rustic teller of tall stories with a decidedly middlewestern dialect. Starting with his rise to prominence in connection with the election of 1860. Lin- coln cartoons appeared frequently in weekly news and humor magazines political posters until his death in 1865. The selection here consists a few of the hundreds of Lincoln cartoons collected by The Lincoln ational Life Insurance Company's Library and Museum, Fort Wayne, iana. "Now, Jeffy, when you think you have had enough of this, say so. and I'll leave off." These two cartoons show President Lincoln threatening and beating his Confederate counterpart. Jefferson Davis. Both cartoonists have utilized well known details from Lin- coln's youth, his skill with an ax in the draw- ing above and his prowess as a wrestler in the lower sketch. The cartoon at the left cele- brates Lincoln's re-election in 1864. Even in this sympa- thetic cartoon, one of the President's physical charac- teristics, his great height, is exaggerated. RUNNING THE "MACHINE" This poster cartoon, produced by Currier & Ives during Lincoln's campaign for re-election in 1864, offers some caustic criticism of the President and several cabinet members. Lincoln himself is condemned for his penchant for telling funny stories in cabinet meetings. Others subjected to the cartoonist's scorn are (left to right around the back of the table) Treasury Secretary Fessenden who authorizes additional paper money to finance the war, War Secretary Stanton who over- publicizes a minor victory, Secretary of State Seward who is quick to react to criticism, and Navy Secretary Welles who is simply pictured as inept. The two men in the foreground are profiteering government contractors. FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT This kindly portrayal of Lincoln shows him seated on a camp stool and writing on a drumhead in Richmond soon after the capi- tal of the Confederacy had been captured in April, 1865. His message: "All seems well with us." By the time the drawing reached the readers of Harper's Weekly, however, the President already had been assassinated. r.< Lincoln Life ,.